Nalanda, a “UNESCO World Heritage Site” was the home of a famous university and is situated around 70 km from Bodhgaya and 100 km south of Patna. Two chief disciples of Buddha, Sariputra, and Moggallana, belonged to Nalanda. This was possibly the first international residential university in the world, where more than 2,000 teachers and 10,000 monk students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied more than 100 subjects. The university was constructed in a well-planned manner with north-south orientations, temples situated on the eastern side, and monasteries on the western side. Today, ruins of 5 temples and 10 monasteries have been excavated at the site built between the 5th to 10thcentury AD. The most imposing structure at the site is the Sariputra Stupa which was built in three stages.
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