Rajgir (Rajgaha)
(The place where Buddha subdued Nalagiri, the charging elephant)
Rajgir is one of the most important Buddhist pilgrimage sites. This is the place where Buddha subdued Nalagiri, the charging elephant, which is counted as one of the major miracles of Buddha.
Rajgir is situated in the Indian state of Bihar around 70 km from Bodhgaya and around 100 km from the state capital Patna. The ancient name of Rajgir was Rajgaha which literally means the abode of kings. During Buddha’s lifetime, the kingdom of Magadha was ruled by King Bimbisar who was succeeded by King Ajatasatru and both were prominent followers of Buddha.
When Siddhartha left Kapilvastu in search of enlightenment, he passed Rajgaha on his way to Uruvela. King Bimbisar of Rajgaha was very impressed with Siddhartha and offered to share the kingdom with him, which he declined but promised to visit him once he attains his goal of enlightenment.
After Buddha attained enlightenment in Uruvela, he left for Sarnath where he preached the five ascetics. He returned to Rajgaha with his disciples – the one thousand Arahants – and they were warmly welcomed by King Bimbisar. Bimbisar donated the bamboo groove (Veluvana) to the Sangha and Buddha was very fond of Veluvana where he used to live during his stays in Rajgaha. He spent several months in Rajgaha meditating and preaching at different places.
Today Rajgir is a major pilgrimage site in India that attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists from all around the world.

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